Williams Homes is a family business based in Bala, Gwynedd. Their background is in traditional building methods, however following their continued expansion they have now opened a joinery workshop which produces timber frame houses, doors and windows in their purpose built factory unit. All their joinery and frames are produced by time served traditional joiners. All their panel designs are independently tested and supplied with a NHBC hb353b certificate. All their joinery products can be finished in a choice of Teknos paint and stain finishes. Teknos is a sophisticated painting system, which allows the timber to move without cracking the paint. Their complete supply and fit service helps to reduce the amount of errors which are associated with house building.
This is a fantastic book about the reality of having children. The author (Sarah Turner) is open and honest about her experiences. It made me feel a normal mother.
I look forward to reading the next book
Have you read it, write your thoughts on the book in the comments below.
Greenlaning (as called in the UK) – what is it all about?
Green Laning is probably best described as the practice of utilising the country’s network of largely unsurfaced, infrequently used public byways for recreational purposes with “off-road” vehicles. The byways are known as “Green” due to their infrequent use giving rise to the development of thriving vegetation along their tracks.
Types of Public Byways
Under the Countryside and Public Rights of Way Act 2000, no legal standing is given to the term “Green Lane”; instead there are currently 4 categories of Public Rights of Way in the UK. Not all are suitable of use by motorised vehicles and motorised vehicles are not permitted to use all types of byway.
The 4 rights of way are:
Footpath: Pedestrian use only
Bridleway: Pedestrians, horse traffic and cyclists
Byway Open to All Traffic (BOAT of just ‘Byway’): Open to all types of traffic but normally unsurfaced and therefore only passable by 4×4 vehicle, ‘off-road’ bikes, pedestrians, horses and cyclists.
Restricted Byway (RB): Allows horses, pedestrians and vehicles other than mechanically propelled vehicles i.e. horse drawn carriages.
Each of these types of Rights of Way are shown on Ordnance Survey (OS) maps of England and Wales but not of Scotland. They are easily distinguished by their unique symbols on the map key; for example:
Byway Open to All Traffic: +++++++
A full list of OS map symbols can be found on the OS website along with a host of tips to making the most of your map reading ability.
Who can use “Green Lanes”?
As these routes are publicly owned and maintained by their local Highways Authority they are open to use by the general public. Any local bylaws in place for the areas the routes are in, or for the routes themselves, must be adhered to – and often take precedence over the right of way itself. Laws regarding the use of vehicles on the road also apply to these routes despite being known as “off-road”; therefore driving licenses, MOT’s and insurance must be in place and valid for the vehicles being used and their drivers.
Rights of way on “Green Lanes”
Although there appears to be no legal rights of one user over another it is generally accepted that motorised vehicles should give way to cyclists, horses and pedestrians. “Green Lanes” should be considered “Shared Use” routes so common decency should apply. A fair and sensible approach should be taken by all users to ensure there enjoyment by all those wishing to use them.
However, there are many long-standing disputes between user groups over who should be allowed access to these routes. Walkers groups such as The Ramblers Association campaign for the removal of vehicle rights on BOAT’s. 4×4 drivers are represented by Green Lane Association (GLASS) and trail riders by the Trail Riders Fellowship (TRF), both of whom fight to keep their rights to use these routes on the basis that they are roads, regardless of their surface type. Cyclists and horse riders also fear for their rights to use these byways.
How can I find ‘Green Lanes’ near me?
If you are interested in finding your nearest “Green Lanes” there are a number of ways to go about it. Buy a copy of an OS map covering the area you want to visit. Check the keys for the symbols that suit the type of Right of Way you require for your intended mode of transport and look for these routes on the map. It should be noted that not all rights of way are necessarily accessible by road at either end so take care to plan your entire journey properly. Also, maps of different scales may use differing symbols to identify the same routes. It is also advisable to visit the start/finish of your chosen routes to find out if there are any bylaws in place; for instance, you may find that a BOAT exists in an area you wish to visit by motorcycle, but there is a bylaw in place prohibiting the use of motorcycles on this particular route. Similarly, some routes may cross “Open Access Land” (private land that is made available to the public by agreement between the land owner and the government) where vehicle access maybe limited by a daily quota or by permit only which may need to be applied for prior to your visit.
Many “Green Lanes” are relatively short, some only a few hundred meters, where as others may by a miles or so long but levels of difficulty will vary. Rather than set out for one specific lane it is usually more fulfilling and satisfying to plan a route that engages a number of lanes throughout the journey that are linked by brief ‘on-road’ stints.
Alternatively you can join a local “Green Laning” group and interact with their members and find maps detailing the locations of such routes on their websites. You can also find maps online with a simple web search. Sites such as www.bywaymap.com are a useful guide but are exactly that, a guide, and should be used as a tool to look for routes and not as a guarantee of right of way. It is always best to research and plan your journey before you leave. It is also good to keep a record of the routes you find for future use and to build a directory to share with others.
The Rights of way Act 1964
The Rights of way Act 1964 called for all Local Authorities to categorise their byways by 2006 but progress has been very slow and not all routes appear on Because of this some areas have much greater access to “Green Lanes”.maps as they have no official status as any of the groups of byway. Areas in the north of England appear lacking when searching for suitable routes while areas such as Hampshire, Wiltshire and parts of Kent and Norfolk are almost spoilt for choice.
Creating a secure site in Ubuntu / apache seems like a daunting task, so I thought there must me an easier way – and there is by installing Letsencrypt on the server.
Installing Letsencrypt (aka cerbot)
Step 1 – add the repository
sudo add-apt-repository ppa:certbot/certbot
sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get install python-certbot-apach
Step 2 – Creating the Certificate for a domain
sudo certbot --apache -d example.com
or for multiple simply
sudo certbot --apache -d example.com -d www.example.com
the terminal will then present you with a step by step guide. The certificates can be viewed here
You can verify your site using the following link (replacing the example with your own)
You should now able to conect to you site using HTTPS
Step 3 -Auto Renew
You will need to auto renew the certificate every 90 days by simply running the following command. You can then set up a cron job to do this automatically.
sudo certbot renew
The Urdd National Eisteddfod (Welsh: Eisteddfod Genedlaethol Urdd Gobaith Cymru or Eisteddfod Genedlaethol yr Urdd) is an annual Welsh-language youth festival of literature, music and performing arts organised by Urdd Gobaith Cymru. Arguably Europe’s largest youth festival, it is usually held during the last week of May, coinciding with schools’ half term holiday. Locations alternate between north and south Wales. The Eisteddfod consists of competitive singing, recitation, art, composition, dance and instrumental events for contestants aged between 7 and 24 years. Regional qualifying heats are held in advance around Wales, as occurs for the National Eisteddfod.
Sink the Bismarck! is a 1960 black-and-whiteCinemaScope British war film based on the book The Last Nine Days of the Bismarck by C. S. Forester. It stars Kenneth More and Dana Wynter and was directed by Lewis Gilbert.To date, it is the only film made that deals directly with the operations, chase and sinking of the battleship Bismarck by the Royal Navyduring the Second World War. Although war films were common in the 1960s, Sink the Bismarck! was seen as something of an anomaly, with much of its time devoted to the “unsung back-room planners as much as on the combatants themselves.” Its historical accuracy, in particular, met with much praise despite a number of inconsistencies.
I recently watched this film and I thoroughly enjoyed it. All though it’s and old movie the effects feels like you are there on deck on some occasions.
I discussed this film with a WW11 historian and he has an autograph of pilot who sank the ship. His name was John Moffat and unfortunately he is no longer with us.